By Ali Dogramaci, Nabil R. Adam
1 Ali Dogramaci and Nabil R. Adam 1.1. evaluate With the decline of U.S. productiveness progress, curiosity has surged to less than stand the habit of productiveness measures via time, the conceptual foundations of productiveness research, and the linkage among productiveness functionality and different significant forces within the financial system. the aim of this quantity is to provide a short evaluate of a few of the techniques utilized in aggre gate and industry-level productiveness analyses and the result of many of the fresh study during this box. The e-book is split into 3 elements. half I covers a few of the methodo logical methods utilized in mixture and industry-level productiveness experiences. half II bargains with the circulate of work productiveness measures via time. The papers during this a part of the ebook learn productiveness adjustments as uni variate time sequence and examine a number of the features of the styles displayed. The papers partially III tackle the problems of dimension of capi tal, the relation of capital formation to productiveness development, and the rela tion of imported intermediate inputs to U.S. productiveness performance.
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Extra info for Aggregate and Industry-Level Productivity Analyses
On the premise that a product mix problem is an aggregation-related problem and that substitutions among factors by virtue of price changes do not directly influence the effective productivity of an industry, we considered technological change as the most significant factor influencing industrial productivity. Accordingly, we described the representation of technology and technological change in a number of 1-0 models. Reflected in 1-0 tables as a whole, however, there is no clear-cut distinction between these causal factors for structural changes.
Louis, Missouri: American Statistical Association. ___ , 1976, "Canonical Ridge and Econometrics of Joint Production," Journal oj Econometrics 4. ___ , 1978, "A Survey of Ridge Regression and Related Techniques for Improvement over Ordinary Least Squares," Review oj Economics and Statistics 60, no. 1. 30 EPHRAIM F. , 1977, "An Integrated Total Factor Productivity-Financial-Based Corporate Planning Model," Total Factor Productivity, Symposium I, Teleglobe, Montreal, May. 3 TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND PRODUCTIVITY IN INPUTOUTPUT ANALYSIS AND THE POTENTIAL OF SECTORAL OPTIMIZATION MODELS I.
Carter (1970b) introduces embodied technological changes into the 1-0 system by the use of LP formulation, without employing an explicit dynamic 1-0 model. Premising that only incremental production may be governed by new technology over a given time interval, she computes 1-0 coefficients for new technology as a linear combination of the observed coefficients for two "base years," the initial and terminal years of the time interval. She assumes that capital is required to expand or to replace any capacity under either old or new technology.