By Vidya Bhushan Gupta
Impeccably researched and written by way of a nationally identified crew of experts from neurodevelopmental pediatrics, psychology, epidemiology, schooling, occupational remedy, and speech remedy backgrounds, ''Autistic Spectrum problems in Children'' provides a multidisciplinary profile of autism and pervasive developmental issues in kids. Tracing the background of autism and monitoring the newest learn on its causation and neurological foundation, this quantity bargains either conventional clinical and complementary and substitute medication approaches-as good as trustworthy tools for assessing remedy efficacy
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Additional resources for Autistim Spectrum Disorders in Children
Baird G, Charman T, Baron-Cohen S, et al. A screening instrument for autism at 18 months of age: a 6 year follow-up study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2000; 39:694 –702. Kielinen M, Linna S, Moilanen I. Austism Northern Finland. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2000; 9:162 – 167. Ma´gnu´sson P, Sæmundsen E. Prevalence of autism in Iceland. J Autism Dev Disord 2001; 31:153 –163. Chakrabarti S, Fombonne E. Pervasive developmental disorder in preschool children. JAMA 2001; 285:3093 – 3099. Bertrand J, Mars A, Boyle C, et al.
It is known from these studies, as well as others of chromosomal abnormalities and genetic conditions associated with autism, that there is undoubtedly a major genetic component to autism. One explanation consistent with this and the fact that no inheritance model appears to ﬁt the family data is that genetic and nongenetic factors may interact—with certain nongenetic factors increasing risk only when key predisposing genes are present. If this is the case, not only will future epidemiological studies investigating nonheritable autism risk factors need to be of larger size and stronger design, they will also need to be able to look for these factors within strata deﬁned by level of genetic susceptibility.
The DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria for autistic disorder were (21): 1. 2. 3. 4. impairment in reciprocal social interaction (at least two from a list of ﬁve items); impairment in verbal and nonverbal communication (at least one item from a list of six items); markedly restricted repertoire of activities and interests (at least one from a list of ﬁve items); a total of at least eight from among a list of 16 items. The term PDD-NOS was used to refer to a qualitative impairment in the development of reciprocal social interaction and of verbal and nonverbal communication skills, but when criteria for autistic disorder, schizophrenia, or schizotypal or schizoid personality disorder were not met.