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By Victor G. Saúco, John C. Robinson

Bananas and plantains are significant fruit plants within the tropics and subtropics, creating a very important contribution to the economies of many nations. within the final 15 years, tremendous alterations have happened in banana construction, between them the elevated significance of fungal and viral ailments and their severe influence on Cavendish export cultivars, smallholder plantains and cooking bananas. adjustments in creation structures comparable to safe greenhouse cultivation, natural, fair-trade and built-in cultivation and their respective certification schemes have additionally turn into fashionable. This publication presents an available assessment of the medical ideas of banana construction and the way those relate to box practices. This re-creation has increased assurance of global alternate statistics and rules, breeding of recent cultivars in terms of illness resistance and markets, customers for genetically-modified bananas and the expanding function of endophytes in controlling pests and illnesses.

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There is a wide range of local names given to Taxonomic Classification, Cultivars and Breeding 31 Horn plantains and they are produced in India, Africa, Central America, the Philippines and the Pacific. In general, plantains are tolerant to Fusarium wilt disease, but are susceptible to black Sigatoka and banana weevil. They are very important sources of staple food for indigenous populations of south India, East, West and Central Africa, and Central America. In Africa, plantains have become widely diversified due to somatic mutations over the years, and these diversified forms can be seen in clones with different pseudostem and bunch characteristics.

Vitrification of apical meristems. The method of choice will depend mainly on the genome, but approximately 50 banana accessions can be cryopreserved at the Transit Centre per person per year. , 2005). e. cell suspensions and callus cultures) slow freezing in the presence of cryoprotective agents is still the method of choice. Complete details about cryopreservation of Musa germplasm can be found in a recently published practical manual (Panis and Thinh, 2001). Biochemical and molecular markers It is very difficult to study evolution, taxonomy and the extent of genetic diversity in the genus Musa by means of morphological, phenological or floral markers.

It probably originated in Indo-China. ‘Atan’ (AAAB) – This cultivar resembles AAB triploids in some respects. Leaves are horizontal to drooping which is a typical weak petiole character of tetraploids. Fruits are short, plump and tart, and the plant is resistant to Fusarium wilt disease. ‘Kalamagol’ (AABB) – This may be the result of a natural cross between ‘Latundan’ and M. balbisiana, and was found in the Solomon Islands. It has 34 Chapter 2 very droopy leaves. Fruits are small and sweet and the plant is resistant to Fusarium wilt disease and leaf spot.

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