Download Birmingham's Rabbi: Morris Newfield Ala 1895-1940 by Mark Cowett PDF

By Mark Cowett

     American Jewish historical past has been criticized for its parochial nature since it has consisted principally of chronicles of yank Jewish lifestyles and has usually didn't discover the connection among Jews and different ethnic teams in America.

    Rabbi Morris Newfield led Temple Emanu-El in Birmingham from 1895-1940 and was once counted one of the so much influential spiritual and social leaders of that city. Cowett chronicles Newfield’s occupation and makes use of it as a motor vehicle to discover the character of ethnic management in America. In doing so he explores the conflicts with which Newfield struggled to aid Jews retain a feeling of non secular id in a predominately Southern Christian environment. Newfield’s profession additionally portrays the fight of social welfare efforts in Alabama through the revolutionary Era. He famous the necessity for Jews to boost bonds with different American ethnic groups. Cowett portrays him as a mediator among not just Jew and Christian but in addition black and white, hard work and capital, liberal and conservative—in brief, in the complete spectrum of political and social alternate in an industrial-based New south city.

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They succeeded in having a new school, which opened in early 1901, named the Samuel Ullman Elementary School. Ironically, it was a school for white children. Ullman was finally reelected to the Board of Education in 1902 for one year, but he never regained the stature on the board that he had previously enjoyed. In later years, before his death in 1920, Ullman began to write poetry, and a collection of his work, From a Summit of YearsFour Score, was published. One of the essays on youth, from which General Douglas MacArthur frequently quoted, outlined the Birmingham activist's view of the maturation process: "Youth means the temperamental predominance of courage over the timidity of the appetite, for adventure over the love of ease.

Temple Emanu-EI had a rather colorful history. It had begun in the informal worship services conducted by German Jews at the residence of Henry Simon on the north side of Birmingham in 1881. The congregation officially became a Reform one in 1891, hired three rabbis in turn, and nearly disbanded, owing to the controversy surrounding one of them. Often the temple shared its buildings with Christian churches in the neighborhood. 27 Much of Temple Emanu-El's early history was compiled by Morris Newfield.

His friendship with one of the leaders of Emanu-EI could not but help the young rabbi gain quick acceptance with his congregation. You are reading copyrighted material published by the University of Alabama Press. S. Copyright law is illegal and injures the author and publisher. For permission to reuse this work, contact the University of Alabama Press. JEWISH LEADER John Herbert Phillips, a close friend of Morris Newfield, was superintendent of schools in Birmingham from 1883 to 1921. (Birmingham Public Library / Department of Archives) The Samuel Ullman School in 1935.

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