By Dave Renton
Referred to as 'The Cricketing Marxist', Cyril Lionel Robert James (1901–89) was once one of many prime black intellectuals of the 20 th century, a Marxist theorist of the 1st rank, and in addition one of many best writers on cricket, along with his mythical ebook Beyond a Boundary.
This seeming paradox is mirrored in different components of his existence and paintings: the made from a British-style schooling and fanatical cricketer who by no means deserted the values the game inculcated in him, he was once a Trotskyite expelled from the us in the course of the McCarthy period who used to be a pal and suggestion to a iteration of leaders of newly-independent African nations resembling Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Julius Nyrere of Tanzania.
Described in his lifetime as 'the black Hegel' and 'the black Plato', his publication at the 18th-century slave rebel in Haiti, The Black Jacobins, is likely one of the nice old works of the 20 th century, but he used to be by no means happy with the belief of 'Black Studies'. during this attention-grabbing new research of this seminal philosopher, Dave Renton hopes to 'persuade Marxist of the thrill of cricket, and fans of cricket of the calibre of James and of James' Marxism'.
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Additional resources for C. L. R. James: Cricket's Philosopher King
36 THE CRUCIBLES OF RUSSIAN SOCIALISM 5. Dagger (eds), Political ideologies and the democratic ideal (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), pp. 120–1. 6. Berki, Socialism, p. 27. 7. Malia, Alexander Herzen and the birth of Russian socialism, (New York: Universal Library, 1961), p. 110. 8. Berki, Socialism, p. 25. 9. Crick, Socialism, ch. 1. 10. Bauman, Socialism: the active utopia (London: Allen & Unwin, 1976), p. 60. 11. The best one volume overview of the varieties of socialism is Lichtheim, Socialism, chs 1–4.
On the theoretical plane, Lenin established the following points as the kernel of the Marxist view of the state. 93 complete abolition of the state can only be achieved after classes have been abolished by a socialist revolution which leads to the “withering away of the state”; the proletariat must be prepared for revolution by utilising the present state;94 Lenin reiterates Marxist orthodoxy. Under communism, the state will gradually wither away. In the transition period, the dictatorship of the proletariat would hold sway, in order to suppress the bourgeoisie and to organize and plan the development of the socialist economy.
P. 417. 104. , p. 418. 105. Lenin, State and revolution, p. 120. 106. ”, p. 412. 107. , p. 419. 108. Lenin, State and revolution, p. 30. 109. , p. 105. 110. ”, pp. 408–9 111. Lenin, State and revolution, p. 120. 112. , pp. 59–60. 113. ”, p. 409. 40 THE CRUCIBLES OF RUSSIAN SOCIALISM 114. Both can be found in Selected works, vol. 2. 115. Lenin, “The impending catastrophe and how to combat it” in Selected works, p. 269. 116. , p. 246. 117. Lenin, State and revolution, p. 120. 118. Lenin, “Can the Bolsheviks retain state power”, p.