Download Cambridge Ancient History: The Assyrian and Babylonian by John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, N. G. L. PDF

By John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, N. G. L. Hammond

In this interval the dominant powers within the East have been Assyria after which Babylonia. every one confirmed an in depth empire that used to be in line with Mesopotamia, and every in flip fell mostly via inner strife.

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A n t i - A s s y r i a n resistance in B a b y l o n i a w a s generally led by the C h a l d a e a n s . R e v o l t s w h i c h b r o u g h t a m e m b e r o f the older B a b y l o n i a n p o p u l a t i o n t o the t h r o n e w e r e i n v a r i a b l y taken o v e r and the B a b y l o n i a n c a n d i d a t e displaced in f a v o u r o f a C h a l d a e a n w i t h i n a few w e e k s o r m o n t h s . B e f o r e the time o f S e n n a c h e r i b , the Chaldaeans chose tribal areas as sites for their military e n g a g e m e n t s against the A s s y r i a n s , p e r h a p s b e c a u s e they were u n s u r e o f the support o f the older urban p o p u l a t i o n .

1 2 9 A 344, 32—62. 1 3 0 Examples: A ; o n . 146. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 BACKGROUND l 9 131 Sippar. B u t , in g e n e r a l , Elamite—Babylonian relations w e r e c o r d i a l and n o t just b e t w e e n the tribal p o p u l a t i o n s and the E l a m i t e s ; there w e r e also direct contacts b e t w e e n the older, urban inhabitants - especially the family o f G a k h a l - and E l a m . E l a m w a s intimately i n v o l v e d in the political fate o f B a b y l o n i a , especially in the three-quarters o f a c e n t u r y b e t w e e n 720 and 6 4 6 ; and E l a m i t e s u p p o r t o r lack t h e r e o f w a s often decisive in d e t e r m i n i n g the political strength o f such a n t i - A s s y r i a n m o v e m e n t s as the C h a l d a e a n resistance ( 7 2 1 - 6 8 9 ) and the G r e a t R e b e l ­ lion (652—648).

T h e great families o f the urban n o r t h w e s t - the G a k h a l , the E g i b i , the A r k a ( t ) - i l a n i - d a m q a rose to p r o m i n e n c e . B a b y l o n i a ' s pluralist p o p u l a t i o n w i t h its l o n g ­ standing capacity t o a b s o r b h e t e r o g e n e o u s n e w c o m e r s , at l e n g t h , f o u n d its l a n g u a g e and, to a lesser extent, its culture g i v i n g w a y under g r o w i n g A r a m a e a n influence. In these decades, the s h a d o w o f the A s s y r i a n empire meant c o m ­ p r o m i s e d independence and a m u t e d political career for B a b y l o n i a ; b u t it also meant relative stability, p r o s p e r i t y , and p r o t e c t i o n f r o m o u t s i d e foes.

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