Download Geography by Strabo PDF

By Strabo

Страбон (64/63 г. до н. э. — 23/24 г. н. э.), древнегреческий географ и историк. Родился в Амасии (Малая Азия), эллинистическом городе с многочисленным греческим населением, в знатной, богатой семье. Предки Страбона были высшими должностными лицами Понтийского царства. Прадед был военачальником царя Митридата VI Эвпатора. Ещё один родственник Страбона был верховным жрецом в Коммагене, т. е. вторым лицом после царя. Страбон получил хорошее образование. Путешествовал по Греции, Малой Азии, Италии и Египту. Страбон — автор не дошедших до нас «Исторических записок», задуманных как продолжение истории Полибия и содержавших описание событий со 146 г. до н. э. (разрушение римлянами Коринфа и Карфагена) до около 31 г. до н. э. (видимо, до битвы при Актии). И также автор знаменитой «Географии», написанной около 7 г. до н. э. В «Географии» Страбон стремился описать ойкумену (обитаемую землю) на основе сопоставления и обобщения всех известных к его времени данных поэтому сочинение Страбона рассматривается в историографии как итог географических знаний античности. Из многих авторов, названных Страбоном, главными его источниками являлись географы Эратосфен, Гиппарх, Полибий, и Посидоний. Широко использовал Страбон малоазийскую традицию, особенно сведения историков Митридатовых войн (I в. до н. э.), сообщения которых зачастую восходят к локальным историческим и географическим трудам поэтому Страбоном полно описаны Кавказ и Боспорское царство. По замыслу автора «География» должна была служить практическим руководством для римских государственных деятелей, полководцев, провинциальной администрации, торговцев и т. д., поэтому она содержит большое количество исторических, этнографических, бытовых сведений в ряде случаев она является единственным источником. Из 17 книг «Географии» только первые две носят теоретический характер (посвящены математической географии), остальные содержат описание стран и областей (книги 3-6 — Испания, Галлия, Британия, Италия, Сицилия книги 7-10 — Северная и Восточная Европа, северные Балканы, Греция книги 11-14 — Северное и Восточное Причерноморье, Малая Азия книги 15-17 — Индия, Месопотамия, Аравия, Египет). «География» является фактически первым опытом исторической географии и представляет собой ценный исторический источник.
Это издание «Географии» Страбона в серии «The Loeb Classical Library» в восьми томах считается самым лучшим. Тома содержат древнегреческий текст и английский перевод, статьи и указатели, цветные карты и планы (в начале I, в конце V и VIII).

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Download Humanitarian Diplomacy: Practitioners And Their Craft by Larry Minear, Hazel Smith PDF

By Larry Minear, Hazel Smith

Humanitarian pros are at the entrance strains of cutting-edge inner armed conflicts, negotiating entry via actual and diplomatic roadblocks to arrive imperiled civilians. They common the corridors of strength, interceding with politicians and diplomats in nations wracked by means of violence, in capitals of donor governments that underwrite humanitarian paintings, and on the United international locations protection Council. they supply the media with authoritative and catalytic information regarding events of humanitarian extremity. Humanitarian international relations bargains a compendium of humanitarian operations in settings as different because the Balkans, Nepal, Somalia, and East Timor, from the Nineteen Seventies in Cambodia and Nineteen Eighties in Lebanon to newer engagements in Colombia and Iraq. those distinct stories and insights from the sphere are framed by means of context-setting essays at the thought and perform of humanitarian international relations. This quantity offers a special source for practitioners, coverage groups, and scholars of humanitarian motion, in addition to for the involved public.

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Download The Long Game: How Obama Defied Washington and Redefined by Derek Chollet PDF

By Derek Chollet

In this within evaluation of Barack Obama’s overseas coverage legacy, Derek Chollet tackles the present consensus to argue that Obama has profoundly altered the process American overseas coverage for the higher and situated the USA to steer within the future.

The lengthy Game combines a deep feel of heritage with new information and compelling insights into how the Obama management approached the main tough worldwide demanding situations. With the original point of view of getting served on the 3 nationwide protection energy facilities in the course of the Obama years—the White condo, country division, and Pentagon—Chollet takes readers behind the curtain of the serious struggles over the main consequential concerns: the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the meltdown of Syria and upward thrust of ISIS, the Ukraine predicament and a belligerent Russia, the clash in Libya, the tangle with Iran, the turbulent dating with Israel, and the increase of recent powers like China.

An unflinching, fast moving account of U.S. overseas coverage, The lengthy Game unearths how Obama has defied the Washington institution to redefine America’s position on the planet, providing vital classes for the following president.

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Download Hegemony: The New Shape Of Global Power by John Agnew PDF

By John Agnew

Promoting, paying for and eating are principal elements of the yankee event at domestic and out of the country, no longer the search for empire. ''Hegemony'' tells the tale of the force to create client capitalism out of the country via political strain and the promise of products for mass intake. unlike the new literature on the USA as an empire, it explains that the first objective of the international and monetary guidelines of the USA is an international which more and more displays the yankee method of doing company and never the formation or administration of an empire. Contextualizing either the Iraq conflict and up to date plant closings, noted-author John Agnew indicates how this force for international hegemony is now backfiring as creation and repair jobs stream overseas and a brand new geography of strength portends a global within which worldwide hegemony is decreasingly American in both provenance or gift.

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Download Diplomatic Sites: A Critical Enquiry by Iver Neumann PDF

By Iver Neumann

Even though international relations more and more happens in non-traditional settings which are more and more non-Western, our debates approximately international relations nonetheless specialise in conventional issues of touch equivalent to the convention desk, the ministerial workplace and the click convention. This publication is framed as a dialogue on even if expanding globalisation and the increase of powers similar to China, India and Brazil will precipitate a challenge in international relations; it additionally tackles the matter of diplomatic Eurocentrism head on. the writer, who has extensive operating adventure of international relations, displays on websites that variety from the eating table--a quotidian and trouble-free assembly position the place all types of commercial is settled amid numerous culturally particular yet little-known practices--via the civil-war interstices the place diplomats from 3rd events attempt to facilitate and mediate clash, to grand diplomatic extravaganzas, the item of that is to weigh down the opposite celebration. In a media age, renowned figuring out of international relations is a strength to be reckoned with, as a result the booklet discusses how international relations is represented in a virtually totally ignored area, specifically that of pop culture. the writer concludes that, faraway from being in concern, diplomatic job is more and more in proof in numerous websites. instead of being a death paintings, in trendy globalized global it certainly prospers.

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Download The Contemporary Embassy: Paths to Diplomatic Excellence by Kishan S. Rana PDF

By Kishan S. Rana

Today's embassy blends culture and alter. It contains a number of kingdom and non-state actors who jostle at the foreign level. This cutting edge learn considers why embassies this day are specifically proper to the foreign process, reading the recent illustration concepts and worldwide international relations options in a data age.

Located on the innovative of maintaining family members with overseas nations, the embassy performs an multiplied position of in bilateral, local and multilateral affairs, as a promoter of nationwide pursuits. As overseas ministries and diplomatic networks are anticipated to bring extra when fabric and human assets in public providers are shrinking, this article addresses how embassies can enhance their functioning, operating in an enlightened, empowered and powerful demeanour. Supported by way of empirical examine and interviews with diplomats and different pros, along distinctive insights into the reviews of constructing nations, The modern Embassy may be a worthy source for international relations students and practitioners alike.

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Download Diplomacy in an Age of Nationalism: Essays in Honor of Lynn by Nancy N. Barker, Marvin L. Brown Jr. (auth.), Nancy N. PDF

By Nancy N. Barker, Marvin L. Brown Jr. (auth.), Nancy N. Barker, Marvin L. Brown Jr. (eds.)

In the past due 19th and early 20th century overseas rela­ tions took on new and scary points. A resurgent nationalism sharpened the conflicts among states, whereas an expanding commercial­ ism afforded them the potential to make struggle on a scale formerly incredible. by no means earlier than had there been higher want for artwork and ability within the behavior of foreign negotiations. The statesmen in control of this sex frequently fell a long way in need of the fitting essential to do away with the tensions in diplomacy. They not just needed to care for difficulties of serious complexity, yet they assorted vastly of their temperaments, of their skills, or even of their dispositions to deal with themselves to an answer. however, conventional international relations made attainable the orderly dealing with of overseas crises and saved open the traces of conversation. With all its imperfections it contributed principally to the upkeep of the eu order from the turbulent mid-century via los angeles Belle Epoque. The colleagues and previous scholars of Professor Case represented right here proportion with him his curiosity during this point of background. They examine the equipment of diplomats and the guidelines they applied in articles starting from empires in Africa and Mexico to Turkey and the japanese query. yet whatever the range of the topics taken care of they're by no means separated from the mainstream of the diplomatic rules of the nice powers. furthermore, the articles characterize an identical method of background and a similar innovations hired via Professor Case.

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Download Plural Diplomacies: Normative Predicaments and Functional by Noé Cornago PDF

By Noé Cornago

In Plural Diplomacies: Normative Predicaments and useful Imperatives , Noé Cornago asserts the necessity to fix the long-interrupted continuity among the relevance of international relations as raison de système - in a global that is even more than a global of States - and its detailed worth with a purpose to mediate the numerous alienations skilled by means of members and social teams.

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Download A Dictionary of Diplomacy, Second Edition by G. R. Berridge PDF

By G. R. Berridge

Like any professions, international relations has spawned its personal really expert terminology, and it really is this lexicon which supplies A Dictionary of Diplomacy's thematic backbone. notwithstanding, the dictionary additionally comprises entries on felony phrases, political occasions, foreign agencies and significant figures who've occupied the diplomatic scene or have written influentially approximately it during the last part millennium. All scholars of international relations and comparable topics and particularly junior participants of the numerous diplomatic companies of the area will locate this booklet imperative.

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