Download Cold War Endgame: Oral History, Analysis, Debates by William C. Wohlforth PDF

By William C. Wohlforth

Chilly conflict Endgame is the made of an strange collaborative attempt through policymakers and students to advertise greater figuring out of ways the chilly battle ended. It comprises the transcript of a convention, hosted by way of former Secretary of nation James Baker and previous Soviet international Minister Alexander Bessmertnykh, during which high-level veterans of the Bush and Gorbachev governments shared their reminiscences and interpretations of the an important occasions of 1989-91: the revolutions in japanese Europe; the reunification of Germany; the Persian Gulf battle; the August 1991 coup; and the cave in of the USSR. Taking this testimony as a typical reference and drawing at the most up-to-date proof to be had, six chapters persist with within which historians and political scientists discover the old and theoretical puzzles provided by means of this impressive transition. This dialogue contains a debate over the relative significance of principles, character, and monetary pressures in explaining the chilly War's finish.

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As for the Soviet Union, its self-destruction occurred for the reasons that Secretary Baker just mentioned. I think this is an absolutely correct and brilliant analysis, including the economic stagnation and glasnost and national strikes in the country, et cetera. But it has almost nothing to do with the end of the Cold War. So in the Cold War there were no winners, and the loser in the general competition between the two sides was the socialist system that existed in the Soviet Union. Hypothetically it was quite possible that we could have had the end of the Cold War, the end of the socialist system in the Soviet Union, and the Soviet Union still preserved.

12/13 (fall/winter 2001): 24–29. 6. In January 1989, former Secretary of State Kissinger went to Moscow to deliver a letter of greeting from Bush to Gorbachev. -Soviet dialogue on mutual restraint in Eastern Europe; in effect, to reassure the Soviets regarding their security interests in the area in order to encourage their maximum tolerance concerning the political liberalization under way there. Bush and Baker rejected the idea of such back-channel talks. The proposal, and the Bush administration’s reaction to it, are discussed in more detail in Chapter 5.

Baker: I am not arguing that maybe he needed it, but what I am saying is it didn’t move the relationship forward at that particular time. Oberdorfer: We are talking about the situation leading up to the Malta meeting, which took place in December 1989. It really started with a letter that President Bush wrote in Paris, sitting on the steps of the American Embassy, I believe. General Scowcroft can tell us a little bit about how the Malta meeting came about. Scowcroft: The issue of a summit had been an early subject of discussion within the administration.

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