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By Harold J. Laski

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Die polnische Verfassungsdebatte. Eine nützliche Übung. Polen-Analysen 67: 2–4. Zubek, Voytek. 1991. The threshold of Poland’s transition: 1989 electoral campaign as the last act of a united solidarity. Studies in Comparative Communism 24(4): 355–376. Sources Dziennik Ustaw. 1989. Ustawa z dnia 7 kwietnia 1989 r. o zmianie Konstytucji Polskiej Rzeczepospolitej Ludowej. Dziennik Ustaw Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej 19(101). April 7. Dzennik Ustaw. 1992. The constitutional act of 17th October, 1992 on the mutual relations between the legislative and executive institutions of the Republic of Poland and on local self-government.

In general, party politics calmed down, the relations between president, government and parliament were more peaceful and both the prime ministers and the major parties in the governmental coalitions managed to stay in office for their full legislative periods. It was only after the elections of 2005 and another reshuffle among the right-wing, national conservative party spectrum—which brought the Law and Justice party (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość—PiS) in charge of the government—that the field of constitutional politics gained new attention.

These drafts have to be confirmed by a three-fifths majority of all deputies and a three-fifths majority of all senators present (Art. 39, Sec. 4). 5 In addition, several constitutional laws were adopted, which did not directly change the text of the constitution. Similar to other countries, an eternity clause stipulates that certain parts of the constitution cannot be changed (Art. 9 Sec. ” The limitations this entails for any constitutional amendment concerning the core of the political order are unclear.

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