Download Community Psychology: Challenges, Controversies and Emerging by Jim Orford PDF

By Jim Orford

This ebook is either a sequel to and enlargement of group Psychology, released in 1992. It serves as a textbook for classes on group psychology yet now additionally contains fabric on inequality and overall healthiness, on the grounds that either are all in favour of the way in which an individual′s social environment and the platforms with which they have interaction impact their difficulties and the recommendations they invent. half 1 units the scene by way of finding group psychology in its ancient and modern context. partly 2, disempowered teams and their actual and psychological future health are thought of. ultimately partly three the appliance of group psychology is mentioned, and the ways that marginalised humans could be helped via strengthening their groups highlighted.

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Additional resources for Community Psychology: Challenges, Controversies and Emerging Consensus

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Paramount in the legion of personalised concepts has, of course, been the ‘self’, and the many related ideas – self-esteem and self-confidence for example – all treated, in the hands of psychologists, as personal, decontextualised concepts (Bruner, 1990; McKenna, 2002). A form of the ‘self’ idea that has been hugely popular in psychology is that of ‘self-efficacy’ (Bandura, 1977). Franzblau and Moore (2001) analysed the concept from a community psychology perspective. They argued that the concept was derived from a view of the self that stressed autonomy, self-reliance and independence.

The area of social cognition, for example, has used experimental methods to understand how individuals make social judgements, for example about members of different ethnic groups. The focus has been on establishing general principles about social perception irrespective of the specific context (Markov´a, 2003). Himmelweit (1990) and Bar-Tal (2000) are among other European social psychologists who have been critical of the cognitive and individualistic bias of social psychology, particularly in the USA.

Is one in which the student is not singled out and castigated as the primary source of violence, yet is challenged to not contribute to a process that continues to harm the community” (p. 181). Like Tseng et al. (2002), Potts (2003) had challenging words for community psychology. The latter was at risk, he thought, of being part of what West (1982, p. 120, cited by Potts, 2003, p. 176) called a “neo-hegemonic . . [culture that] . . postures as an oppositional force, but, in substance, is a manifestation of people’s allegiance and loyalty to the status quo”.

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