Download Creating a New Nepal: The Ethnic Dimension (Policy Studies) by Susan Hangen PDF

By Susan Hangen

This learn explores the ethnic size of the demanding situations that Nepal at the moment faces. even supposing Nepal has made colossal development towards regaining political balance in view that April 2006, ethnic clash has turn into an important challenge. The indigenous nationalities flow, whose origins and calls for are tested the following, identifies fifty-nine various teams as indigenous nationalities, and has mobilized them to revitalize their very own cultures and finish the domination of the kingdom by means of high-caste Hindus. The circulation seeks ethnic federalism, the proportional illustration of indigenous nationalities in nation associations, and linguistic freedom. It has contributed to democratization through growing know-how of ethnic matters and pressuring the kingdom into addressing ethnic inequality. Analysts frequently credits the Nepali Communist get together (Maoist) for reworking the political discourse and approach via their decade-long People's struggle. The contributions of the indigenous nationalities flow has to be famous, even though, in order that indigenous nationalities should be said as rightful political leaders. To create long term balance and increase democracy, the country should still undertake guidelines that create an inclusive political method. All marginalized teams has to be appropriately represented in decision-making our bodies. A proportional election approach could make sure that small events have a voice in the political method and are dissuaded from taking on fingers. Legalizing ethnic events may well support do so target, as nation competition to them will gasoline resentment, resulting in violence. Representations of the nationwide identification should still realize Nepal's variety. with out those adjustments, a lot of the inhabitants will stay excluded from political procedures, and additional clash can result. this is often the thirty-fourth ebook in coverage reports, a peer-reviewed East-West heart Washington sequence that offers scholarly research of key modern family and foreign political, monetary, and strategic matters affecting Asia in a coverage correct demeanour.

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Supporters of ethnic parties viewed the Election Commission’s refusal to register ethnic parties as proof of the state’s Hindu bias. Ethnic parties were also hampered by their lack of access to mainstream media coverage. They were not mentioned on the government-controlled radio, and rarely received coverage in major newspapers. Ethnic political parties are a more radical form of ethnic activism than IPOs because they aim to gain direct political power for indigenous nationalities. The state’s restrictions on ethnic political parties suggest that lawmakers perceive these parties to pose a threat to the democratic system.

Publications and seminars sponsored by these organizations frequently address issues such as what religion Magars should follow if not Hinduism, and which of the many Rai languages should serve as the Rai lingua franca. This sense of unity will be necessary in order to develop state policies and institutions that support the cultures of indigenous nationalities, such as educational materials in ethnic languages, proportional representation of these groups, and state recognition of ethnic holidays.

The potential strengthening of racial identities is significant because it may increase animosity between marginalized and dominant groups. Ethnic conflicts that are framed as racial conflicts may be more likely to become more violent than those that are not based on race, as one analysis of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda suggests (Mamdani 2001). Race can also be used to bridge identities, however, and the National Coalition against Racial Discrimination (NCARD) has taken steps in this direction. Nepali activists who were involved in the 2001 World Conference against Racism in Durban, South Africa, formed this organization as an alliance of federations of different marginalized communities, including indigenous nationalities, Dalits, Madhesis, and others.

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