By Michael Hughes
This review of the transformation of eu international relations which happened in the beginning of the twentieth century specializes in the British and Russian diplomatic institutions in the course of the years 1894 - 1917 with the intention to illustrate either the heterogeneity and intricate nature of the outdated international relations. a sequence of case stories is incorporated to demonstrate either the advantages and the pitfalls of generalizing a couple of advanced strategy of transformation that had a number of social, political, administrative and mental dimensions.
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Additional info for Diplomacy before the Russian Revolution: Britain, Russia and the Old Diplomacy, 1894–1917
While Hardinge's part in promoting the Foreign Office reforms was smaller than sometimes believed, the new Permanent Secretary certainly conceived of his role in a very different manner from his predecessor. Not only was he determined to exercise an influence on the foreign policy making process; he also encouraged the rapid promotion of officials in an apparent attempt to shake up the Foreign Office's traditional culture. During Hardinge's first period as Permanent Secretary, the age of those in more senior positions fell sharply.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. Relations 19 Henry Noel Brailsford, The War of Steel and Gold, p. 131. M. N. Brailsford and the Search for a New International Order', in Morris, Edwardian Radicalism, p. 214. For a useful discussion of this theme, see John A. Murray, 'Foreign Policy Debated: Sir Edward Grey and his Critics, 1911-1912', in Lillian Parker Wallace and Willam C. Askew (eds), Power, Public Opinion and Diplomacy, pp. 141-71. R. Searle, The Quest for National Efficiency.
Murray, 'Foreign Policy Debated: Sir Edward Grey and his Critics, 1911-1912', in Lillian Parker Wallace and Willam C. Askew (eds), Power, Public Opinion and Diplomacy, pp. 141-71. R. Searle, The Quest for National Efficiency. See, for example, the 'Report of the Committee appointed to Inquire into the Constitution of the Consular Service', British Parliamentary Papers (henceforth BPP), 1903,55 (cd 1634). 'Royal Commission on the Civil Service. Fifth Report', BPP, 1914-16,11 (cd7748). The following paragraph is partly drawn from Paul Gordon Lauren, Diplomats and Bureaucrats, pp.