Download Faunal Extinction in an Island Society: Pygmy Hippopotamus by Alan H. Simmons PDF

By Alan H. Simmons

The multidisciplinary learn application at Akrotiri Aetokremnos is critical, in my op- ion, for 3 purposes: empirical and one conceptual. rather except the archaeology, paintings on the website is an immense contribution to island biogeography, in that the Phanourios sample—certainly the simplest from Cyprus and doubtless the simplest at any place within the world—has already supplied, and may proceed to supply, vital ecological and behavioral info on those exciting creatures. Dwarfed island faunas are vital to our knowing of the complicated elements that form traditional choice in ecologically closed environments over the evolutionary long-term. At Aetokremnos, we appear to have the “end” of a protracted series of hippo evolution at the island. With comparative experiences of alternative Cypriot hippo faunas, we should always be capable to pin down the period of preliminary colonization by way of what have been, pres- ably, normal-sized hippos, and—if the opposite websites could be dated—document the dwarfing technique in massive element. Aetokremnos may nonetheless be an important paleontological - cality, even within the absence of facts of a human presence there. whereas examining the textual content of the monograph, a couple of questions strictly on the topic of the paleontology happened to me. One was once how you can version the colonization technique. There appears little doubt that the massive mammals colonized the island by way of swimming to it (because, I assemble, Cyprus has no longer been hooked up to the mainland for about 5–6 m- lion years).

Show description

Read Online or Download Faunal Extinction in an Island Society: Pygmy Hippopotamus Hunters of Cyprus PDF

Similar ancient books

Constructing Early Christian Families: Family as Social Reality and Metaphor

The relations is a topical factor for experiences of the traditional international. relatives, family and kinship have various connotations in antiquity from their smooth ones. This quantity expands that dialogue to enquire the early Christian relatives constructions in the higher Graeco-Roman context. specific emphasis is given to how kinfolk metaphors, akin to 'brotherhood' functionality to explain kin in early Christian groups.

Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde: Band 33: Waagen und Gewichte - Wielandlied (German Edition)

Band 33 The Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde bears the identify of its founder, the English pupil and average scientist Johannes Hoops. A moment, thoroughly revised version of the Reallexikon has been showing given that 1972. it really is designed as a guide, and follows the culture of accomplished encyclopedias.

Picts

Those easy-to-read books are an ideal advent to the historical past of Scotland. filled with little-know proof and colour illustrations, those books support carry background to lifestyles. The Stationery workplace. An creation to the lifetime of the Picts and to the carved stones within the care of the Secretary of nation for Scotland.

Extra info for Faunal Extinction in an Island Society: Pygmy Hippopotamus Hunters of Cyprus

Example text

In either situation, the archaeological remains from such groups, reflecting adaptation to the unique resources available on an island, might be dissimilar to contemporary mainland developments. In summary, if pre-Neolithic sites exist in the Mediterranean, they probably will be in the form of ephemeral, nonarchitectural, occupations. To convincingly document a preNeolithic occupation of any of the Mediterranean islands requires fulfilling a minimal set of data expectations and requirements. Previous claims that have been made do not meet these and are unsubstantiated.

These were mostly flakes and a “few blades and cores” (Baudou and Engelmark 1983:6). Baudou et al. (1985:371) believe that all of this material has been redeposited. Based on geologcal evidence, they argue that the younger erosional phase, which contains the potsherds, dates to Roman or post-Roman times and coincides with what Vita-Finzi (1969:101) and Bintliff (1977:35) have termed a Younger Fill. The underlaying gravel bed, which contains chipped stone, could not be dated with certainty, but they place it in VitaFinzi’s (1969:92) and Bintliffs (1977:35) Older Fill, which is of “paleolithic” age (Baudou and Engelmark 1983:7; Baudou et al.

Coupled with the loss of foot pads—the extinct hippopotami apparently walked on the tips of their toes—these morphological changes in INTRODUCTION AND RESEARCH CONTEXT 29 the lower limbs, resulting in heavier built legs with stouter bones, allowed for greater mobility and access to the mountainous terrain characteristic of the Mediterranean islands (Houtekamer and Sondaar 1979). The dentition changes were in the number and shape of teeth, and, coupled with wear patterns of the jaws, indicate that the molars were adapted to grinding (Reese 1989b:23; Sondaar 1977, 1986:53–54).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.55 of 5 – based on 47 votes

About the Author

admin