By Mary Gergen
Feminist Reconstructions in Psychology
introduces a particular new mode in doing psychology. This psychology relies on an more and more well known diversity of rules known as social constructionism. in the ebook, new kinds of conception and techniques of inquiry touching on social constructionism to feminist issues are brought. every one bankruptcy highlights diversified themes of unique situation inside of gender reviews, particularly the psychology of ladies.
The e-book attracts from the important tenets of postmodern inquiry, as performed out within the confident framework of social constructionism. emphasised are reflexivity, the social foundation of fact making, the breakdown of conventional narrative kinds, the lack of objectivity as a systematic ordinary, and the probabilities for brand new sorts of doing examine. during this recognize, the publication is exclusive and serves to supply some degree of view on an interesting circulate that's gaining momentum around the social sciences and arts.
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Additional resources for Feminist reconstructions in psychology: Narrative, gender and performance
Mead (1934) and Herbert Blumer (1969). There are also lines of research in social psychology (see Chapter 11) that interact with the subdisciplines of sociolinguistics, language and communication. Social psychology has been influenced by Freud’s psychodynamic analysis of the human mind – particularly the extension of his theory to groups, as described in his 1921 work ‘Group psychology and the analysis of the ego’. As Michael Billig (1976) observed, psychodynamic notions have left a special and enduring mark on social psychology in the explanation of prejudice (see Chapter 7).
But how do you know if any of your hypotheses are supported? Social psychologists analyse the data they collect to come to this conclusion. In general they are trying to determine that the effect they have found is not a chance event but a bona fide effect. In order to do this they conduct statistics. Testing hypotheses Some statistics are relatively straightforward but many are immensely complicated – the stuff of nightmares for undergraduate psychology students. QXD:Layout 1 16/10/09 10:20 Page 7 DOING SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY examples above the data might be something like the number of correct text words typed in a given time – and statistical tests would generate a number, a statistic based on the size of the difference between the groups and the difference among individuals in each group, that allows the experimenter to know the probability that the effect was a chance phenomenon.
For example Muzafer Sherif (1935) showed how social interaction produces norms that endure to regulate people’s behaviour (Chapter 5). Henri Tajfel and John Turner (1979) distinguished between social identity which is associated with group processes and personal identity which is associated with interpersonal processes (Chapter 7). Philip Zimbardo (1970) described the way that people in groups can lose their sense of individuality and personal responsibility and regress to a more primitive and impulsive state and then behave aggressively (Chapter 8).