By Cătălin Nicolae Popa, Simon Stoddart
Archaeology has lengthy handled problems with identification, and particularly with ethnicity, with glossy ways emphasising dynamic and fluid social building. The archaeology of the Iron Age particularly has engendered a lot debate concerning ethnicity, fuelled by way of the 1st availability of written resources along the archaeological proof which has led many researchers to affiliate the positive factors they excavate with populations named by means of Greek or Latin writers. a few archaeological traditions have had their complete constitution outfitted round notions of ethnicity, round the relationships current among huge teams of individuals conceived jointly as forming unitary ethnic devices. nevertheless, partially inspired via anthropological experiences, different students have written forcefully opposed to Iron Age ethnic structures, equivalent to the Celts. The 24 contributions to this quantity specialize in south east Europe, the place the Iron Age has, until eventually lately, been populated with various ethnic teams with which particular fabric tradition kinds were linked. the 1st part is dedicated to the center geographical sector of south east Europe: Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia, in addition to Albania and the previous Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. the subsequent 3 sections permit comparability with areas additional to the west and the south west with contributions on crucial and western Europe, the British Isles and the Italian peninsula. the quantity concludes with 4 papers which offer extra artificial statements that lower throughout geographical limitations, the ultimate contributions bringing jointly the various key subject matters of the amount. The large choice of methods to identification provided right here displays the continued debate on the right way to combine fabric tradition, protohistoric facts (largely classical authors having a look in on first millennium BC societies) and the impression of modern nationalistic agendas.
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Additional info for Fingerprinting the Iron Age: Approaches to Identity in the European Iron Age. Integrating South-Eastern Europe into the Debate
Martin in Austrian Steiermark (Styria); Bad Fishau in Lower Austria; and Kaptol near Slavonska Požega in Croatia. The overall pattern forms a trans-regional Early Iron Age stylistic group (Guštin & Tiefengraber 2001: 110–12; Tiefengraber 2001: 82–93; Guštin 2003: 65–6; Šavel and Sankovič 2011: 47). PODRAVJE Podravje to the south occupied one of the most prominent strategic positions, where the south eastern entrance was held by Ormož, a site already in place as a fortified lowland settlement on the banks of the Drava River in the Urnfield Period.
Identity’ is an ambiguous term. It can refer both to individual or group identity, covering aspects such as status, sex and gender, personhood, kinship, age, community or culture. These are all interrelated in culturally specific ways, yet are often treated as distinct, yet equally interchangeable, categories. Identities are historical, fluid and subject to persistent change. Group affiliation entails constant active engagement with other members of the group and a shared material world (Díaz-Andreu & Lucy 2005).
The images are personalised, sometimes with an added inscription. The iconography and their context make the rings part of the language of power in Thrace (compare the Zlatinitsa ring (Agre 2011: 39–44) and Sveshtari tomb mural). One important aspect has been overlooked: how were the rings used? Signs of long wear on the rings from Arabadzhiiska (Duvanlii), Zlatinitsa and Malkata Mogila suggest they may have been heirlooms. At least 14 rings have intaglio images which can be used as seals for marking, identifying, closing, authorising, and certifying property or spaces.