By Jörg Husar
This booklet analyses the India, Brazil, South Africa discussion discussion board (IBSA), targeting the communalities and modifications within the approach overseas coverage is conceptualized in its member states. using eighty three interviews with overseas coverage makers and specialists, in addition to the research of 119 foreign-policy speeches, the writer lines key shifts in professional overseas coverage discourse. so one can assessment the measure of help for key IBSA discussion discussion board suggestions inside of nationwide discourse, the writer additionally examines the interaction among reliable and broader societal discourses on international coverage. This research combines political technological know-how elements (foreign coverage function conceptions) with linguistic elements, hence allowing a qualitative and quantitative comparability of other framings of overseas coverage. large empirical fabric accumulated in the course of six months of box examine in India, Brazil and South Africa permits the writer to give a differentiated account in their alleged like-mindedness.
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Additional resources for Framing Foreign Policy in India, Brazil and South Africa: On the Like-Mindedness of the IBSA States
At the UN, India, Brazil and South Africa advocate a reform of the Security Council. Yet, because of internal competition among African Union member states, the G4 initiative of Brazil, India, Germany and Japan found itself able to mention South Africa only vaguely, using the expression “one African country”. The difficulties in actually pushing for reform trilaterally as IBSA highlighted the challenge of ensuring follower-ship and support among developing countries for the idea that India, Brazil and South Africa should take a leading role (Schirm 2010).
While at a macro level, one may agree that India, Brazil, and South Africa share a “common identity base of democracy and human rights” (Flemes 2007: 25), this does not automatically mean that there is trilateral agreement at intergovernmental and societal level regarding the extent to which and how such values should inform foreign policy. g. differences between developing and industrial countries. Optimists even expect this condition to inspire future “North–South Middle Power Coalitions” (Wood 1990: 71).
Is seen as one of the 22 2 IBSA: Three Like-Minded States? functions that IBSA is capable of performing as a trilateral international institution. A further function that is frequently ascribed to IBSA countries individually is the ability to bridge the divide between developed and developing countries in multilateral negotiations: “South Africa embodies the North–South conflict in one country [. 13 Along these lines, Hirst identifies the “possibility of deepening inter-regional relations as one of IBSA’s main attributes” (2008: 159) and Gratius goes one step further, indicating the potential for a “triadic North–South interregionalism” (2008: 28) between IBSA and the EU: “Given their strong commitment to democracy, peace and development, IBSA and the EU could [.