By Yi-Hong Wang, Hari D. Upadhyaya, Chittaranjan Kole
Sorghum is likely one of the hardiest crop vegetation in smooth agriculture and in addition the most flexible. Its seeds offer calorie for meals and feed, stalks for construction and commercial fabrics and its juice for syrup. This e-book offers an in-depth overview of the state of the art wisdom in sorghum genetics and its functions in sorghum breeding. every one bankruptcy is authored by means of experts of their fields to file the newest traits and findings. The e-book showcases the definitive price of sorghum as a version method to review the genetic foundation of crop productiveness and tension tolerance and may offer a beginning for destiny reviews in sorghum genetics, genomics, and breeding.
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Extra resources for Genetics, genomics and breeding of sorghum
Sorghum is a good source of green fodder due to its quick growth and high yield and quality of biomass. Grain sorghum is used for silage, but less commonly then sweet sorghum as they have higher silage yield with better quality. Sorghum can do well in both high and low potential areas where crops such as maize and Napier grass cannot grow well. As fodder, it can be used in place of maize for making silage. When freshly chopped, this crop can be given to cows, goats, sheep, pigs and even chickens as it has the same energy levels as maize and other cereals.
For grain quality, 26–29% accessions were evaluated for protein and lysine contents. Clearly, more emphasis should be towards identifying germplasm with improved seed quality traits. This collection has shown immense variability for qualitative traits as well (Table 2-4). Tan plant color is said to be associated with resistance to leaf diseases and grain weathering (Frederiksen and Duncan 1982; Duncan et al. 1991). 48% of the accessions in the present collection had no pigmentation, while the remaining pigmented.
Kansas, Texas, Nebraska and Arkansas are the major producing states, accounting for about 80% of total production in the USA. Nebraska has averaged 23 t ha–1 forage yield over the last 10 years but forage yield of over 35 t ha–1 have been reported in the literature (Worker and Marble 1968). In Central and South America sorghum is grown in the drier parts of Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, dry lowland 10 Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Sorghum interior areas of Argentina, dry areas of northern Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil and Uruguay.