Download Genomics and Society: Legal, Ethical and Social Dimensions by Martin W. Bauer, George Gaskell PDF

By Martin W. Bauer, George Gaskell

From the mid Nineties to the current day, agricultural biotechnology - GM vegetation and meals - has been the point of interest of discussion and clash in lots of eu international locations. Contrasting perspectives of hazards and advantages, belief in technology and legislation, the knowledge of technology, media insurance and mobilization of the general public via civil society teams - all were pointed out as drivers of public opinion. Designed partially to allay public matters approximately GM agriculture, a eu moratorium resulted in a brand new regulatory framework. The lengthy operating controversy is a sign that the public's view can't be neglected within the improvement and implementation of recent applied sciences bobbing up out of genomics. but, agricultural biotechnologies are yet one improvement during this region. Genetic checking out and the makes use of of genetic info, the cloning of human cells and tissues, and transgenic animals are almost certainly no much less demanding for the general public and regulators alike. This quantity, through a world workforce of social scientists from Europe, North the United States and Japan, offers a sequence of comparative views at the social, moral and criminal implications of genomics. the purpose is to trap classes from the controversies of the Nineteen Nineties and to elevate the extent of dialogue at the societal implications of recent advancements in genomics.

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Extra info for Genomics and Society: Legal, Ethical and Social Dimensions (Science in Society Series)

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The Public Reconstruction of Science and Technology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Lippman, A. (1992) ‘Led (astray) by genetic maps: The cartography of the Human Genome Project and health care’, Social Science and Medicine, vol 35, no 12 Machado, H. (2002) ‘Tribunais, género, ciência e cidadania uma abordagem sociológica Dilemmas of Genetic Information 27 da investigação judicial de paternidade’, Doctoral dissertation in Sociology, Universidade do Minho, Braga Martin, E. (1987) The Women in the Body: A Cultural Analysis of Reproduction, Beacon Press, Boston Maschke, K.

They may also be associated with social and cultural practices concerning the inheritance of wealth and personal possessions. These beliefs are likely to affect how people of different cultures react to genetic information in the clinic. For example, clinicians have Dilemmas of Genetic Information 23 reported how patients with inherited forms of breast cancer fail to consider that the gene may have been inherited through the paternal line because they assume it can only be passed on by women. These beliefs cannot be ignored, because they influence how information is processed and understood by patients.

Under what circumstances (if any) should individuals be coerced into giving tissue or fluid samples for genetic information? What about forensic settings? Should the sampling of genetic material be compulsory for criminals, suspects or victims of crimes? If the answer is ‘yes’, what crimes should be included? Should sampling be coercive in cases of paternity claims, and for whom (mother, child, putative father)? Who should be entitled, in each circumstance, to collect the genetic information: medical personnel, research scientists, law enforcement officers?

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