By Peter Gatrell
This e-book examines the facility of the tsarist executive and Russian industrialists to answer the a number of demanding situations of struggle, revolution, political reform, overseas international relations and rearmament within the early 20th century. utilizing Russian archive fabrics, Peter Gatrell analyzes the method and final result of decision-making through executive and enterprise within the key sphere of safeguard, and makes a tremendous contribution to the literature at the capability of the outdated regime to fend off demanding situations to its authority at domestic and its status out of the country.
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Extra info for Government, Industry and Rearmament in Russia, 1900-1914: The Last Argument of Tsarism
Admittedly, the three state armouries coordinated activity to the extent that the parts produced in one workshop were interchangeable with those produced at another. Links were also established between the armouries and the Izhevsk works, which supplied them with steel shapes for the manufacture of rifle barrels. But other factories do not appear to have coordinated their affairs to anything like the same extent, let alone to have standardized their products. The two factories that manufactured cartridges, in St Petersburg and Lugansk (established in 1895), instituted little or no technical collaboration.
Officials in the GIU, like their counterparts in other agencies, received no special training and lacked interest in such matters as the quality of cloth and leather. An unscrupulous supplier did not find it difficult to bribe ill-paid officials. 19 The Russian army faced difficult choices when it came to defining spending priorities. In 1891, the War Ministry received funds to acquire the new Mosin rifle; appropriations were subsequently approved to strengthen the fortresses on the western frontier.
Still more uncertain was the diplomacy of Russia beyond the European mainland. Russia had huge territorial borders to defend. In addition, elements within the imperial bureaucracy tolerated and (in some instances) demanded that Russia extend its influence into Persia, Afghanistan and the Far East. The burden of maintaining a high profile on the European mainland could be shared with Russia's new-found ally. But the costs of engaging Britain in the Near East and Japan or China in Manchuria would inevitably be incurred by Russia alone.