Download Henry Goulburn, 1784-1856: A Political Biography by Brian Jenkins PDF

By Brian Jenkins

Between 1812 and 1821 Goulburn labored within the struggle and Colonial workplace, the place he successfully administered Britain's far-flung possessions. Appointed leader secretary for eire in 1821 -- a Protestant to offset a "Catholic" viceroy -- Goulburn used to be on the center of the ultimate rearguard motion through the rivals of Catholic emancipation. As chancellor of the exchequer for the Duke of Wellington (1828-30) and Sir Robert Peel (1841-46) he participated in such momentous judgements as Catholic emancipation and the repeal of the Corn legislation. An opponent of parliamentary reform, he labored heavily with Peel, his lifelong pal, to construct the Conservative occasion and served as a parliamentary champion of the confirmed Church. Jenkins examines the conservative values Goulburn held, and the ethical limitation of an primarily reliable guy who relied on the establishment of slavery for his deepest source of revenue. A modest guy and a devoted lieutenant, Goulburn himself allowed that he were content material to stroll within the shadow of political giants. This self-effacement is helping account for the shortcoming of broad acceptance typically given him yet doesn't detract from his major contribution to British historical past. Henry Goulburn accords a awesome flesh presser his rightful place.

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For his remuneration, an attorney usually claimed a commission on all sales and purchases. 5 The infrequency and brevity of the attorney's visits enhanced the position of the overseer, who had usually begun life as a bookkeeper and was paid a fixed salary. He operated the estate, with bookkeepers and tradesmen executing his orders. " Clearly, these were arduous and important responsibilities, and much depended on the overseer's education, skill, temper, and habits. 6 This system of management excited criticism.

Furthermore, in Horsham the control of this valuable piece of political property by the Irwin family was being contested by the Duke of Norfolk, a Whig, who was the lord of the manor. 30 Palmerston agreed to pay the Irwins the current asking price of four thousand guineas (while the duke was willing to sell to a fellow Whig for the lesser sum of four thousand pounds). The four thousand guineas bought Palmerston the seat for the life of one Parliament, if he was elected. There was also a clear understanding that, in return for an advance, the costs of fighting any challenge would be borne by the Irwins and that full payment would not be expected until Palmerston was securely seated.

Cheap government and freer trade were regarded as fundamental to the capitalist expansion, which guaranteed strength and promised social stability. 41 Goulburn attended the House faithfully and was soon placed on the Election Committee. He also exercised the right to attend any private committee and to vote on any matter that was referred to it. He intended at this early stage in his career to keep a meticulous record and explanation of every vote he cast, but this resolution proved to be as transitory as those made every new year.

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