By Kazimierz Dabrowski
For psychologist and psychiatrist Kazimierz Dabrowski, character isn't really a given – it has to be consciously created and constructed by way of the person. In his moment English-language e-book, Personality-Shaping via optimistic Disintegration, first released in 1967, Dr. Dabrowski offers a complete therapy of character that continues to be proper, probably extra so this present day than whilst it used to be first written. the following Dabrowski describes personality’s person and common features, the equipment focused on shaping it, and case stories of well-known personalities (including Augustine and Michelangelo) demonstrating the empirical and normative nature of character improvement. integrated during this variation are the unique creation, written via former APA president O. Hobart Mowrer, an appendix detailing a examine on proficient young ones and amazing talents performed via Dr. Dabrowski, in addition to formerly unpublished biographical items examining the personalities of Beethoven, Kierkegaard, and Unamuno. Grounded in Dabrowski’s concept of optimistic disintegration, Personality-Shaping introduces the techniques on the center of the speculation and on the middle of human power, creativity, social carrier, internal clash, psychological disorder, and private progress. Dabrowski’s all-embracing standpoint is without delay a clean substitute to the one-dimensional theories and tendencies pervasive within the box of psychology, and an entire assertion in its personal correct of all these elements of human nature too frequently marginalized, overlooked, or denied – a progressive and heartfelt made of Dr. Dabrowski’s incisive observations and all-embracing imaginative and prescient.
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Additional resources for Personality-Shaping Through Positive Disintegration
Here are some pertinent quotations from the text that follows: The appearance of the feeling that one is committing a sin (“sin phase”) foreshadows the turning point in the moral development of man. This is a period during which one passes from a full instinctive integration to a gradual multilevel disintegration (feeling of guilt, shame, responsibility). (p. 122) The pain and suffering of a child, his failures, his experiences of shame, and his feelings of inferiority or guilt are the fundamental dynamisms that reshape his primitive structure.
The environment of peers becomes, therefore, an environment creating conditions for reshaping the egocentric, egoistic, imperious, and other attitudes. (pp. 160–161) The building of social and friendly relations in harmony with a moral responsibility for oneself and the environment, based on the one hand, on the development of social feeling, and on the other, on the injunctions of the developing inner milieu [is essential] in the method of positive disintegration and secondary integration. (p.
P. 25) [The developing person] must leave his present level, lift himself to a new, higher one and, on the other hand, must, as we have said before, retain his unity, retain the continuity of his psychophysical life, his self-awareness, and identity. The development of personality, therefore, takes place in most cases through disintegration of man’s present, initial, primarily integrated structure, and, through a period of disintegration, reaches a secondary integration. (p. 45) The process of personality building, therefore, is characterized by a wandering “upward,” toward an ideal, of the disposing and directing centers and the gradual acquiring of a structure within which, besides individual qualities (the main trend of interests and capabilities, lasting emotional bonds, the unique set of the emotional and psychic structure), general human traits appear – that is, the high level of intellectual development, the attitude of a Samaritan, and the moral and social and esthetic attitudes.