By Said Arjomand, Edward A Tiryakian
'At final, a quantity on civilization that actually displays the complexity of a number of civilizations. The wealth of contributions Arjomand and Tiryakian have assembled demonstrates the price of an previous proposal for figuring out the grim dilemmas confronting human type within the worldwide age. Its thoroughgoing renewal the following establishes this publication because the crucial benchmark for destiny students of civilization' - Martin Albrow, Founding Editor of foreign Sociology and writer of the worldwide Age - winner of the ecu Amalfi Prize, 1997 'In our pressure crammed international, many are heralding, and others fearing, a"clash of civilizations." The individuals to this quantity offers a fit and persuasive argument approximately why this conflict needn't, and positively aren't, ensue. They achieve this, in addition, no longer via rejecting the idea that of civilization, yet by means of constructing a much less primordial, homogenous, and essentialist notion of it. a massive assortment that gives illumination during this occasionally frighteningly darkish time' - Jeffrey Alexander, Professor and Chair of Sociology at Yale college 'The proposal of civilization might change the notions of globalization and identification because the middle part within the vocabulary of twenty first century sociology. The authors give a contribution very much to the rationalization of trendy controversies round the "clash of civilizations" and "multiculturalism". They move a ways towards purging the idea that of civilization of its ideological overtones, and so they suceed admirably in turning it into strong analytic software of an rising fleld of macrosociology, recognized already as civilizational research' - Piotr Sztompka, President, overseas Sociological organization even supposing the concept that of 'civilization' has deep roots within the social sciences, there's an pressing have to re-think it for modern occasions. This e-book issues to an exhaustion in utilizing 'the country kingdom' and 'world process' because the uncomplicated macro-units of social research simply because they don't get to grips with the 'soft energy' variable of cultural components eager about worldwide points of improvement. additionally, globalization calls for us to re-evaluate the hyperlink among civilization and a set or given territory. This booklet focuses upon the dynamic point of civilizations. one of the themes lined are: · Civilizational research and social conception · international civilization and native cultures · Civilizational types · explanation and Civilization · Civilizations as zones of status · old and comparative dimensions of civilization · The conflict of civilizations.
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Extra resources for Rethinking Civilizational Analysis (SAGE Studies in International Sociology)
Let us consider for a moment the work of American social anthropologists. The hypotheses of Franz Boas about the mythology widespread throughout the northern Pacific basin are more than likely, they are almost conclusive; those of Wissler on the Asian form of North American Indian clothing are plain and clear; much like the earlier hypotheses of Bruno Adler about the North-Asian arrow found in America. But the proof was made definite only by the linguistic discoveries of Edward Sapir, which reconnected the considerably large groups of North American languages to a source which is proto-sinotibeto-burmese.
Thus on the one hand we have long taught that it is possible to believe in the existence of a very ancient civilization encompassing all the shores and all the islands of the Pacific: from within this very extensive civilization one can and undoubtedly should distinguish, however obscured, a civilization of the south and central Pacific. And, within this civilization, one clearly perceives a Malayo-Polynesian civilization, a Polynesian civilization, Melanesian, and Micronesian civilizations. One would also be perfectly justified in building up all kinds of constructions based on the filiation of these four civilizations, on the relationships among them, and even on their relationships with Australian-Polynesian, Austro-Asian, and/or Pan-Asian civilizations.
The reason why this effort is so important is that, as one ethnologist informs us, ‘if there is one concept that has a privileged place in the ethnocentric images through which Western peoples see themselves in relation to others, it is the concept of civilization’ (Morris-Suzuki, 1993: 527–8, 531). Civilization, in short, is not a neutral term, but comes bearing value-laden meanings. It also comes bearing a challenge. How do other cultures and societies, with their own claims to being ‘civilized’, respond?