By Professor Simon Chesterman, Kofi A. Annan
The Secretary-General of the United international locations is a special determine in global politics. without delay civil servant, the world's diplomat, lackey of the UN safety Council, and commander-in-chief of as much as one hundred thousand peacekeepers, she or he is dependent upon states for either the legitimacy and assets that let the United countries to operate. the strain among those roles - of being secretary or normal - has challenged each incumbent. This ebook brings jointly the insights of senior UN employees, diplomats and students to envision the normative and political components that form this targeted place of work with specific emphasis on the way it has developed according to altering conditions corresponding to globalization and the onset of the 'war on terror'. The problems skilled via every one Secretary-General replicate the profound ambivalence of states in the direction of entrusting their safety, pursuits or assets to an intergovernmental physique.
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Extra resources for Secretary or General?: The UN Secretary-General in World Politics
347. , p. 348. 11 Ibid. 12) The Hammarskjöld principle meant remaining scrupulously aloof from the attractions of adopting a particular point of view on any of the major questions of the day. His successors went even further. U Thant, recalling that President Franklin D. ”)14 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar spoke of having to avoid the twin temptations of inflating the role of the Secretary-General and of interpreting it too modestly, but he too stressed the need for “the most careful political judgement and .
Chapter XV of the Charter contains what the founders were prepared to say about the oﬃce. ” The Secretary-General would be the chief administrative oﬃcer of the organization. As to political functions, the mandate is much more vague. 1 The founders gave even less guidance about the desirable qualities and qualifications of the Secretary-General. The Charter is, however, unambiguous on the essential subject of independence. 2 The UN Preparatory Commission, in its report to the 11 12 On the powers of the Secretary-General, see chapter 2 by Shashi Tharoor and chapter 12 by Simon Chesterman and Thomas M.
There were then fifty member states, no Third or Developing World, and a highly restrictive and conservative view of the functions, let alone the independence, of the world’s top international civil servant. He was considered, especially by the Europeans, to be an almost exclusively administrative oﬃcial, and eﬀorts by Lie to assist in political matters were often resented or ignored. Perhaps the most intelligible way to track the stages of the radical change in the nature of the job is to survey briefly the term of service of each Secretary-General in turn.