By Len W. Lanham, C.A. MacDonald
This research of the South African number of English is an workout within the sociology of language carried out almost always in the conceptual framework and technique created via William Labov. It accepts that social method and social constitution are mirrored in styles of covariation concerning linguistic and social variables, and in attitudes to varied types of speech in the neighborhood. This premise is pursued the following in its historic implications: linguistuic facts in present-day speech styles of previous states of the society and of the social, political and cultural adjustments that have. Read more...
content material: the traditional in South African English and its Social background; PREFACE; CONTENTS; ABBREVIATIONS; creation AND heritage: THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SOUTH AFRICA; I. FIRST OBSERVATIONS at the normal; II. THE SPEECH neighborhood; III. THE LINGUISTIC VARIABLE; DATA-GATHERING thoughts; IV. LECTAL types IN SAE; V. houses OF a typical VARIABLE; VI. FORMAL AND casual criteria; VII. THE SOCIAL background OF THE SAE neighborhood; VIII. THE PROVINCIAL (INFORMAL) usual IN SAE; IX. THE SOCIAL importance OF THE PROVINCIAL typical; X. POSTSCRIPT: A comparability WITH AUSTRALIA; References.
summary: This learn of the South African number of English is an workout within the sociology of language carried out in most cases in the conceptual framework and method created by means of William Labov. It accepts that social method and social constitution are mirrored in styles of covariation concerning linguistic and social variables, and in attitudes to assorted types of speech in the group. This premise is pursued right here in its ancient implications: linguistuic proof in present-day speech styles of previous states of the society and of the social, political and cultural alterations that experience
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Additional resources for The standard in South African English and its social history
All subjects met the requirement that socialization in early childhood, school ing through to high school and residence up to the age of 21 (in the case of 'old' subjects) was in the region indicated. The full Natal old-aged (female) sample (as in table 1) appears in this experiment and five of the Eastern Cape oldaged; apart from these, all subjects in this experiment appear for the first time in our analysis of the SAE community. 'Old' respondents are a selected sample taken from groups brought together in old-aged homes and in private houses where members of the group were expected to meet the criteria relating to regional associations.
The audiences of the Dot-Dash Show gave every evidence, how ever, of being highly amused. e. English-speaking) community who do in fact take offence are any more than a very small number. The behaviour of those initiating protest in cases of this kind, and officialdom overreacting to it, therefore requires explanation. It is highly likely that both protesters and officials find a good deal of their own perceived social identity in caricatured 'local man'. Moreover, that social identity is not one having the common associations of a stage caricature with region or class.
The social characteristics of the group correlating with Ext SAE (see (b) in 2 above) are for comparison with (o). Our discussion of the age variable in 32 (e) of 2 above and in 21 below relates to (p). In (q) Schlemmer makes a statement supporting a claim we make in the last sentence of 22 below. III. THE LINGUISTIC VARIABLE; DATA-GATHERING TECHNIQUES 4. The HSRC LS elicited biographic, demographic and lin guistic information from a 1 in 37 5 random sampling of the voters' roll (18-year-olds and older) in urban areas with white populations over 10 thousand.