By Robert A. Wicklund
In Zero-Variable Theories, Dr. Robert Wicklund invitations the reader to think about the mental viewpoint of the "explainer". In interpreting the over-simplifications that experience turn into dominant in sleek psychology, the writer issues to such components as pageant with different explainers and strain to provide and promulgate a special rationalization. The explainer is characterised as equating concept with uncomplicated, mounted different types, and as protecting these different types as one might guard a private territory, warding off competing explainers via mis-use of statistical units. the outcome is the formula of theories that overlook the views of these whose behaviors are to be defined, and which at the same time exclude mental variables.
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Extra resources for Zero-Variable Theories and the Psychology of the Explainer
If respondents claim to possess the following tendencies or characteristics, they tend to be placed into the high-argumentative category. Just to name three such tendencies: energetic when arguing, enjoy arguing about controversial issues, and able to do well in arguments. In parallel fashion, the respondent tends to be categorized as low-argumentative by assenting to such notions as the following: enjoys avoiding arguments, feels nervous and upset after having an argument, and happy to prevent arguments (based on Infante & Rancer, 1982).
An Exercise in Postulating Additional Theories We have not gone far in detailing the modern zero-variable theory, but before proceeding, it will be good to show that anyone can coin such a theory. The Case A explanation, and thus the zero-variable theory, which reduces the human to a stable package of behavior tendencies, provides a simple alternative to theories that force the investigator to examine the respondent's background perspectives. This being the case, the formulation of a zero-variable theory should not be terribly difficult; the subjects in the threat-to-control conditions of Berscheid et al.
3. 4. 5. 6. 7. are said to be more curious about and interested in the whys and wherefores of human behavior. Preference for complex rather than simple explanations. Presence of metacognition concerning explanations, that is, a tendency to think about the underlying processes involved in causal attribution. Awareness of the extent to which people's behavior is a function of interaction with others: attributionally complex people tend to notice and use information garnered from interactions to a greater extent than attributionally simple people.